Amateur Radio Relay League [ARRL} (2000), Now You’re Talking! All You Need to Get Your First Ham Radio License, 4’th ed., Larry D. Wolfgang and Joel P. Keinman, eds. (Newington, CT: ARRL).
Annual Report of the Commissioner of Navigation to the Secretary of Commerce and Labor for the Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 1912 (Submitted November 13, 1912 from
Commissioner Eugene Tyler Chamberlain to Secretary Charles Nagel), pp. 34-43; online at http://www.ipass.net/~whitetho/1912arcn.htm
Archer, John (2000), “Sex differences in aggression between heterosexual partners: A meta-analytic review,” Psychological Bulletin, vol. 126, no. 5 (Sept.) pp. 651-680.
Australian Communications Authority [ACA] (1996), Radiocommunications Spectrum Marketing Plan (500 MHz); online at http://auction.aca.gov.au/auction_results/500mhz_results_page/index.htm
ACA (2000), Radiocommunications Spectrum Marketing Plan (2 GHz Band); online at
Barlow, John Perry (1996), “A Declaration of Independence of Cyberspace”; online at http://www.eff.org/~barlow/Declaration-Final.html
Barnett, Randy E. (2001), “The Original Meaning of the Commerce Clause,” University of Chicago Law Review 68 (Winter) pp. 101-47.
Berkowitz, Peter (2000), “And Lofty Flows the Don,” The New Republic (Nov. 13); online at http://www.thenewrepublic.com/111300/berkowitz111300_print.html
Bernstein, Lisa (2001), “Private Commercial Law in the Cotton Industry: Creating Cooperation Through Rules, Norms, and Institutions,” Michigan Law Review 99 (June) pp. 1724-88; draft online at http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=281437
Beyer, Dave, Mark D. Vestrich, and JJ Garcia-Luna-Aceves (1996), “The Rooftop Community Network: Free, High-speed network access for communities,” paper presented at the Harvard/DOE conference, The First 100 Feet: Options For Internet and Broadband Access, Arlington, VA, Oct 29-30; proceedings published in by Deborah Hurley and James H. Keller (MIT Press, 1999); online at http://www.ksg.harvard.edu/iip/doeconf/first.html
Blondheim, Menahem (1994), News over the wires : the telegraph and the flow of public information in America, 1844-1897 (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press).
Bonner, J. Rebekka S. (2002), “Reconceptualizing VAWA's ‘Animus’ For Rape In States' Emerging Post-VAWA Civil Rights Legislation,” Yale Law Journal, 111 (April) pp. 1417-56.
Bostick, C. Dent (1988), “Land Title Registration: An English Solution to an American Problem,” Indiana Law Journal, vol. 63 (Winter) pp. 55-111.
Brock, Ralph H. (1999), “The Ghost in the Computer: Radio Frequency Interference and the Doctrine of Federal Preemption,” Computer Law Review and Technology Journal, Vol. 1999, No. 1 (Fall 1998-Spring 1999); online at http://www.sbot.org/docs/RFI.pdf
Brown, George D. (2001), “Constitutionalizing the Federal Criminal Law Debate: Morrison, Jones, and the ABA,” 2001 Univ. of Illinois Law Review (Nov.) pp. 983-1024; draft online at http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=293202
Buck, Stuart (2001), “Replacing Spectrum Auctions with a Spectrum Commons,” forthcoming in Stanford Technology Law Review; online at http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=268744
Burns, John, Paul Hansell, Helena Leeson, and Phillipa Marks (2001), “Implications of international regulation and technical considerations on market mechanisms in spectrum management,” Report to the Independent Spectrum Review, 1320/AE/SMM/R/3 (6 Nov.); online at http://www.spectrumreview.radio.gov.uk/newsite/report.htm
Cahoon, Colin (1990), “Low Altitude Airspace: A Property Rights No-Man’s Land,” Journal of Air Law and Commerce 56 (Fall) pp. 157-198.
Cameron, David (2002), “Power Play,” Technology Review, March 27, 2002; online at http://www.techreview.com/articles/print_version/wo_cameron032702.asp
Carter, Meg (1998), Independent radio: the first 25 years (London: RSA on behalf of The Radio Authority) online at http://www.radioauthority.org.uk/publications-archive/adobe-pdf/25yrshis.pdf
Cave, Martin (2002), Review of Radio Spectrum Management: An independent review for Department of Trade and Industry and HM Treasury (March); online at http://www.spectrumreview.radio.gov.uk
Chamberlain, Joseph P. (1927) “Department of Current Legislation: The Radio Act of 1927,” American Bar Association Journal, vol. 13, p. 343-6.
Chartier, Mike (2001), “Enclosing the Commons: A Real Estate Approach to Spectrum Rights,” paper presented at the AEI-Brookings Joint Center Confererence “Practical Steps to Spectrum Markets,” Nov. 9.
Codding, George A. Jr. (1952/1972), The International Telecommunication Union (New York: Arno Press).
Codding, George A., Jr. and Anthony M. Rutkowski (1982), The International Telecommunication Union in a Changing World (Dedham, MA: Artech House Inc.).
Commission of the European Communities [CEC] (1994), Towards the personal communications environment: Green Paper on a common approach in the field of mobile and personal communications in the European Union, COM(94) 145.
CEC (1998), Green Paper on Radio Spectrum Policy, Brussels 09.12.1999, COM(1998)596; online at http://europa.eu.int/information_society/topics/telecoms/radiospec/radio/index_en.htm
Communications Act (1934) (as enacted), “An Act to provide for the regulation of interstate and foreign communication by wire or radio, and for other purposes,” Public Law No. 416, June 19, 1934, 73d Congress; online at http://showcase.netins.net/web/akline/1934act.htm; also in Paglin (1989).
Constant, Benjamin (1819), “The Liberty of Ancients Compared with that of Moderns,” online at http://www.uark.edu/depts/comminfo/cambridge/ancients.html.
Cushman, Barry (2000), “Formalism and Realism in Commerce Clause Jurisprudence,” University of Chicago Law Review, 67 (Fall) pp. 1089-1150.
Davies, Thomas Y. (1999), “Recovering the Original Fourth Amendment,” Michigan Law Review, Vol. 98 (Dec.) pp. 547-749.
Davis, Donald R. and David E. Weinstein, “Bones, Bombs and Break Points: The Geography of Economic Activity,” NBER Working Paper 8517 (Oct.), online at
Davis, Stephen (1927), The Law of Radio Communication (New York: McGraw-Hill Book Co.)
Department of Commerce, U.S. [DOC] (2001), U.S. Statistical-Purpose Areas, Conference of European Statisticians, Tallinn, Estonia, 25-28 Sept., Working Paper Nol 31, online at http://www.unece.org/stats/documents/2001/09/gis/31.e.pdf
Department of Commerce, Bureau of Navigation (1913b), Regulations Governing Radio Communication, edition of July 1,1913 (Washington: GPO); online at http://www.ipass.net/~whitetho/1913breg.htm
Department of Commerce and Labor, Bureau of Navigation (1912), Regulations Governing Radio Communication, edition of Sept. 28, 1912 (Washington: GPO); online at http://www.ipass.net/~whitetho/1912reg.htm
Department of Commerce and Labor, Bureau of Navigation (1913a), Regulations Governing Radio Communication, edition of February 20, 1913 (Washington: GPO); online at http://www.ipass.net/~whitetho/1913areg.htm
Derrida, Jacques (1988), Limited Inc (Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press).
Directive 2002/21/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, on a common regulatory framework for electronic communications networks and services (Framework Directive), 7 March 20002, published in the Official Journal of the European Communities, 24.4.2002, L 108/33, online at http://europa.eu.int/information_society/topics/telecoms/regulatory/new_rf/index_en.htm
Downs, Charles F., II, “Calvin Coolidge, Dwight Morrow, and the Air Commerce Act of 1926,” essay online at http://www.calvin-coolidge.org/pages/history/research/ccmf/downs.htm
European Commission [EC] (1999), Next Steps in Radio Spectrum Policy: Results of the Public Consultation on the Green Paper, Brussels, 10 Nov. 1999 COM(1999)538, online at http://europa.eu.int/information_society/topics/telecoms/radiospec/radio/index_en.htm
European Parliament (2002), European Parliament and Council directive concerning the processing of personal data and the protection of privacy in the electronic communications sector (A5-0130/2002); see http://www.eurunion.org/news/press/2002/2002034.htm
European Parliament (2002b), Directive 2002/21/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, on a common regulatory framework for electronic communications networks and services (Framework Directive), 7 March 20002, published in the Official Journal of the European Communities, 24.4.2002, L 108/33, online at http://europa.eu.int/information_society/topics/telecoms/regulatory/new_rf/index_en.htm
European Radiocommunications Committee [ERC] (1995), Harmonised Regime for Exemption from Individual Licensing of Radio Equipment, ERC/Recommendation 01-07 E (Bonn 1995, Helsinki 2000); online at http://www.ero.dk/doc98/official/pdf/REC0107E.PDF
Federal Communications Commission [FCC] (1936), First Annual Report of the Federal Communications Commission to the Congress of the United States for the Fiscal Year 1935 (Jan. 6) (Washington: GPO); online at http://www.fcc.gov/mb/audio/decdoc/engrser.html#EARLY
FCC (1952), Sixth Report on Television Allocations (released April 14, 1952), Radio Regulations 91:601 (rel. Apr. 14).
FCC (1971), Establishment of Policies and Procedures for Consideration of Application to Provide Specialized Common Carrier Services in the Domestic Public Point-To-Point Microwave Radio Service and Proposed Amendments to Parts 21, 43, and 61 of the Commission's Rules, First Report and Order, Docket No. 18920, 22 Rad. Reg. 2d (P & F) 1501 (rel. June 3).
FCC (1979), Amendment of Part 15 to redefine and clarify the rules governing restricted radiation devices and low power communication devices, First Report and Order, Docket No. 20780, 79 FCC 2d 28 (rel. Oct. 11).
FCC (1983), Elimination of Individual Licenses in Radio Control Radio Service and Citizens Band Radio Service, Report and Order, PR Docket No. 82-799, 48 FR 24884 (rel. May 10, 1983).
FCC (1985), In the Matter of 960 Radio, Memorandum Opinion and Declaratory Ruling, FCC 85-578 (rel. Nov. 4).
FCC (1986), Amendment of Parts 15, 68, and 76 of the Commission’s Rules to Require Labelling of Home Electronic Equipment and Systems Susceptible to Interference from Radio Frequency Energy, Memorandum Opinion and Order, 1 FCC Rcd. 289 (rel. Oct. 29).
FCC (1987), In the Matter of David Hildebrand, Memorandum Opinion and Order, PR Docket No. 81-302, 2 FCC Rcd. 2708 (rel. Apr. 29).
FCC (1987b), In the Matter of Mobilecom of New York, Memorandum Opinion and Declaratory Ruling, DA 87-1237, 2 FCC Rcd 5519 (rel. Aug. 31).
FCC (1988), FCC Regulations Concerning RF Lighting Devices, Memorandum Opinion and Order, Gen. Docket No. 83-806, 3 F.C.C.R. 6097 (rel. Oct. 20).
FCC (1989), Revision of Part 15 of the Rules regarding the operation of radio frequency devices with an individual license, First Report and Order, Gen. Doc. No. 87-389, 4 FCC Rcd 3493 (rel. Apr. 18, 1989).
FCC (1990), Letter from Robert L. Pettit, General Counsel, FCC, to Christopher D. Imlay, ARRL (Feb. 14); online at
FCC (1991), Letter from Robert H. McNamara, Chief, Special Services Division, FCC, to Arthur R. Still, (27 Nov.); online at
FCC (1993), Amendment of the Commission’s Rules to Establish New Personal Communications Services, Second Report and Order, GEN Docket No. 90-314, 8 FCC Rcd 7700 (rel. Oct. 22).
FCC (1994), Implementation of Sections 3(n) and 332 of the Communications Act, Regulatory Treatment of Mobile Services, Third Report and Order, GN Docket No. 93-252, 9 FCC Rcd 7988 (rel. Sept. 23).
FCC (1994b), Letter from Ralph A. Haller, Chief, Private Radio Bureau, FCC, to Board of Zoning Appeals, Town of Hempstead, NY (25 Oct.); online at
FCC (1995), Application for Review of Stephen Paul Dunifer, Berkeley, California, Memorandum Opinion and Order, FCC 95-333, 11 FCC Rcd 718 (rel. Aug. 2).
FCC (1995b), Amendment of Part 90 of the Commission’s Rules to Facilitate Future Development of SMR Systems in the 800 MHz Frequency Band, First Report and Order, PR Docket No. 93-144, 11 FCC Rcd 1463 (rel. Dec. 15).
FCC (1995c), Amendment of the Commission’s Rules Concerning the Inspection of Radio Installations on Large Cargo and Small Passenger Ships, Notice of Inquiry, CI Docket No. 95-55, 10 FCC Rcd 5424 (rel. May 16).
FCC (1995d), The FCC Votes To Restructure Its Compliance & Information Bureau, Report No. CI 95-16, 1995 WL 603456 (Oct. 13).
FCC (1996), Geographic Partitioning and Spectrum Disaggregation by Commercial Mobile Radio Services Licensees, Report and Order and Further Notice of Proposed Rulemaking, WT Docket NO. 96-148, 11 FCC 21831 (rel. Dec. 20).
FCC (1996b), Amendments of Parts 80 and 87 of the Commission’s Rules to Permit Operation of Certain Domestic Ship and Aircraft Radio Stations Without Individual Licenses, Report and Order, WT Docket No. 96-82, 11 FCC Rcd 14849 (rel. Oct. 25, 1996).
FCC (1996c), Amendment of Part 80 of the Commission's Rules Regarding the Inspection of Great Lakes Agreement Ships, Report and Order, CI Docket 95-54, 11 FCC Rcd 18661 (rel. Apr. 26).
FCC (1996d), Voluntary Part 68 Reporting of Telephone RFI/Belltap Compliance,” Public Notice (Oct. 9).
FCC (1996e), RFI- and Belltap-Immune Telephone Products, Public Notice (Nov. 14).
FCC (1996f), FCC Policy for Handling Complaints of Interference to Home Electronics Equipment, Public Notice (Apr. 5); online at http://www.fcc.gov/Bureaus/Compliance/News_Releases/nrci5009.txt
FCC (1997), Amendment of the Commission’s Rules to Establish Part 27, the Wireless Communications Service (“WCS”), Report and Order, GN Docket No. 96-228, 12 FCC Rcd 10785 (rel. Feb. 19).
FCC (1998), Amendment of the Commission’s Rules Concerning the Inspection of Radio Installations on Large Cargo and Small Passenger Ships, Report and Order, CI Docket No. 95-55, 13 FCC Rcd 13556 (rel. May 1).
FCC (1998b), Privatized Ship Radio Inspections Meet FCC Goals, Report No. CIB 98-23, 1998 WL 786457 (Nov. 13).
FCC (1998c), Ramsey L. Woodworth, Richard Rubin, Letter from Howard C. Davenport, Chief, Enforcement and Consumer Information Division, Wireless Telecommunications Bureau, 13 FCC Rcd 2486 (Jan. 30).
FCC (1999a), In the Matter of 1998 Biennial Regulatory Review – Conducted Emissions Limits Below 30 MHz for Equipment Regulated under Parts 15 and 18 of the Commission’s Rules, Notice of Proposed Rule Making, ET Docket No. 98-80, (rel. Oct. 18, 1999), online at http://ftp.fcc.gov/Bureaus/Engineering_Technology/Notices/1999/fcc99296.txt
FCC (1999b), In the Matter of 1998 Biennial Regulatory Review – Amendment of Part 18 of the Commission’s Rules to Update Regulations for RF Lighting Devices, First Report and Order, ET Docket No. 98-42 (rel. June 16), online at http://ftp.fcc.gov/Bureaus/Engineering_Technology/Orders/1999/fcc99135.pdf
FCC (2000), Amendment of Section 95.413 of the Commission’s Rules Prohibiting Communications or Attempts to Communicate with Citizens Band Radio Service Stations More Than 250 Kilometers Away, Order, RM-9807 (rel. Aug. 21); online at http://hraunfoss.fcc.gov/edocs_public/attachmatch/DA-00-1907A1.pdf
FCC (2001), Definition Of Markets For Purposes Of The Cable Television Broadcast Signal Carriage Rules, Order on Reconsideration, CS Docket No. 95-178, 16 FCC Rcd 5022 (rel. Mar. 2).
FCC (2001b), Hughes Communications Inc., Application for Authority to Construct, Launch, and Operate a Ka-Band Satellite System in the Fixed-Satellite Service, DA 01-1686, 16 FCC Rcd 14,310 (rel. Aug. 3).
FCC (2001c), 1998 Biennial Regulatory Review – Amendment of Part 97 of the Commission’s Amateur Radio Service Rules, Memorandum Opinion and Order, WT Docket No. 98-143; online at http://wireless.fcc.gov/services/amateur/releases/
FCC (2001d), Amendment of Section 95.413 of the Commission’s Rules Prohibiting Communications or Attempts to Communicate with Citizens Band Radio Service Stations More Than 250 Kilometers Away, Order on Reconsideration, RM-9807 (rel. Aug. 1); online at http://hraunfoss.fcc.gov/edocs_public/attachmatch/DA-01-1831A1.pdf
FCC (2001e), Authorization and Use of Software Defined Radios, First Report and Order, ET Docket No. 00-47 (rel. Sept. 14); online at http://www.fcc.gov/Bureaus/Engineering_Technology/News_Releases/2001/nret0106.html
FCC (2001f), In re Application of VoiceStream Wireless Corp. and PowerTel Inc., Transferors, and Deutsche Telekom AG, Transferee, Memorandum Opinion and Order, IB Docket No. 00-187 (rel. Apr. 27); online at
FCC (2002a), Fiscal Year 2003 Budget Estimates, Submitted to Congress, February, 2002; online at http://www.fcc.gov/Reports/fcc2003budget.html
FCC (2002b), “Telecommunications Industry Revenues 2000,” Jim Lande and Kenneth Lyn, IAD CCB, Jan., online at http://www.fcc.gov/Bureaus/Common_Carrier/Reports/FCC-State_Link/IAD/telrev00.pdf
“Federal Control of Radio Broadcasting,” Yale Law Journal, v. 39, pp. 247-56.
Federal Radio Commission [FRC] (1931), Fifth Annual Report, Fiscal Year 1931 (Washington: GPO); online at http://www.fcc.gov/fcc-bin/assemble?docno=311207
FRC (1932), Sixth Annual Report, Fiscal Year 1932 (Washington: GPO); online at
Feyerabend, Paul (1975), Against method: outline of an anarchistic theory of knowledge (London: Humanities Press).
Field, Alexander J. (1992), “The Magnetic Telegraph, Price and Quantity Data, and the New Management of Capital,” Journal of Economic History, vol. 52, no. 2 (June) pp. 401-13.
Field, Alexander J. (1998), “The Telegraphic Transmission of Financial Asset Prices and Orders to Trade: Implications for Economic Growth, Trading Volume, and Securities Market Regulation, in Research in Economic History, vol. 18 (JAI Press) pp. 145-84.
Fish, Stanley (1999), The trouble with principle (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press).
Fisher, Elizabeth (2001), “Unpacking the Toolbox: Or Why the Public/Private Divide is Important in EC Environmental Law,” Florida State University College of Law, Public Law and Legal Theory Working Paper No. 35 (Aug.); online at http://papers.ssrn.com/abstract=283295
Fradkin, Hillel (2002), “Parting of the Ways II: Jewish and Islamic Thought and 9/11,” Lecture delivered to the American Enterprise Institute; online at http://www.aei.org/past_event/conf020513.htm
Freeman, Jody (1999), “Private Parties, Public Functions and the New Administrative Law,” draft online at http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=165988
Futurepace Solutions (2001), “Response to UK Independent Radio Spectrum Management Review,” (19 Sept.); online at http://www.spectrumreview.radio.gov.uk/responses/futurepace19sept.pdf
Galbi, Douglas A. (2001a), “Communications Policy, Media Development, and Convergence,” online at http://www.galbithink.org and http://www.ssrn.com
Galbi, Douglas A. (2001b), “A New Account of Personalization and Effective Communication,” online at http://www.galbithink.org and http://www.ssrn.com
Gernsback, H. (1913), “Wireless and the Amateur: A Retrospect,” Modern Electronics (Feb.) pp. 1143-4.
Glaeser, Edward, Simon Johnson, and Andrei Shleifer (2001), “Coase versus the Coasians,” Quarterly Journal of Economics; online draft at
Glaeser, Edward L. and Andrei Shleifer (2001a), “Legal Origins,” Harvard Institute of Economic Research Discussion Paper No. 1920, online at http://papers.ssrn.com/paper.taf?abstract_id=267852
Glaeser, Edward L. and Andrei Shleifer (2001b), “The Rise of the Regulatory State,” online at
Hagen, Jennifer (2001), “Can We Lose The Battle And Still Win The War?: The Fight Against Domestic Violence After The Death Of Title III Of The Violence Against Women Act,” DePaul Law Review, vol. 50 (Spring) pp. 919-91.
Hamilton, Scott J. (1994), “Allocation of Airspace as a Scarce National Resource,” Transportation Law Journal, vol. 22, pp. 251-90.
Harsch, Bradley A. (2001), “Finding a Sound Commerce Clause Doctrine: Time to Evaluate the Structural Necessity of Federal Legislation,” Seton Hall Law Review, vol. 31, pp. 983-1041.
Hayne, Ian (1997), “Spectrum property rights and practical auction design: the Australian experience,” Plenary Session 1, Invited paper 11, 1997 Industry Economics Conference, online at http://www.pc.gov.au/ic/research/confproc/iec1997/pap11.pdf
Hazlett, Thomas W. (2001a), “The Wireless Craze, The Unlimited Bandwidth Myth, The Spectrum Auction Faux Pas, and the Punchline to Ronald Coase’s ‘Big Joke’: An Essay on Airware Allocation Policy,” AEI-Brookings Joint Center for Regulatory Studies, Working Paper 01-01 (Jan.); online at http://www.aei.brookings.org/publications/abstract.asp?pID=117
Hazlett, Thomas W. (2001b), “The U.S. Digital TV Transition: Time to Toss the Negroponte Switch,” AEI-Brookings Joint Center for Regulatory Studies, Working Paper 01-15 (Nov.); online at http://www.aei.brookings.org/publications/abstract.asp?pID=178
Hazlett, Thomas W. and Bruno E. Viani (2002), “Legislators v. Regulators: The Case of Low Power FM Radio,” AEI-Brookings Joint Center for Regulatory Studies, Working Paper 02-1 (Feb.); online at http://www.aei.brookings.org/publications/working/working_02_01.pdf
Hirschman, Albert O. (1977), The Passions and the Interests (Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press).
Hirschman, Albert O. (1958), The strategy of economic development (New Haven, Yale University Press).
House Report (1910), Radio Communication, Mr. Greene, from the U.S. Committee on the Merchant Marine and Fisheries, Report to accompany H.R. 23595, 61’st Congress, 2n’d Session, House of Representatives, Report No. 924 (April 1).
Hundt, Reed (2000), You Say You Want a Revolution: A Story of Information Age Politics (New Haven and London: Yale University Press).
Ibarguen S., Giancarlo (2001), “Liberating the Radio Spectrum in Guatemala,” paper presented at AEI, Nov. 9, 2001, forthcoming in Telecommunications Policy.
Isern, Josep and Maria Isabel Rios (2002), “Facing disconnection: Hard choices for Europe’s telcos,” The McKinsey Quarterly, No. 1; online at http://www.mckinseyquarterly.com/
IARU (2001), “ITU Adopts Recommendation on Amateur Qualifications,” News Release, 23 Aug. 2001; online at http://www.iaru.org/rel010823.html
ITU (2001), ITU Telecommunication Indicators Update, April-May-June 2001, online at http://www.itu.int/ITU-D/ict/update/
ITU (2002a), “Key Global Telecom Indicators for the World Telecommunication Service Sector,” online at http://www.itu.int/ITU-D/ict/statistics/at_glance/KeyTelecom99.html
ITU (2002b), “Basic Indicators, 2000”, online at
ITU (2002), ITU Telecommunication Indicators Update, April-May-June 2000, online at
Jehiel, Philippe and Benny Moldovanu, “The European UMTS/IMT-2000 License Auctions,” online at http://www.enpc.fr/ceras/jehiel/umts1.pdf
Johnson, Kenneth P. (1995), “Redefinition of the BEA Economic Areas, Survey of Current Business, (Feb.) pp. 75-81; online at http://www.bea.doc.gov/bea/ARTICLES/REGIONAL/PROJ/1995/0295rea.pdf
Jones, Adam (2000), “Gendercide and Genocide,” Journal of Genocide Research, vol.2, no. 2 (June), pp. 185-211, online at http://www.gendercide.org/gendercide_and_genocide.html
Kahn, Frank J., ed. (1984), Documents of American Broadcasting, 4’th ed., (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall Inc.).
Katz, Eugenii (n.d.), “Leyden Jars,” online at http://chem.ch.huji.ac.il/~eugeniik/instruments/archaic/leyden_jars.htm
Kennard, William E. (2000), “The FCC’s New Enforcement Ethic,” Remarks before the Competitive Carrier Summit 2000, Conference on Current U.S. Telecom Policy, Washington, DC (Jan. 19); online at http://www.fcc.gov/Speeches/Kennard/2000/spwek003.html
Killean, James J. (2000), “Der Grosse Lauschangriff: Germany Brings Home the War on Organized Crime,” Hastings International and Comparative Law Review, vol. 23 (Winter) pp. 173-215.
King, Martin Luther, Jr. (1963), Why We Can’t Wait (New York: NAL Penguin).
Kwerel, Evan R. and John R. Williams (1992), Changing Channels: Voluntary Reallocation of UHF Television Spectrum, FCC OPP Working Paper No. 27 (Nov.),
NTIS PB93 114874.
Kwerel, Evan and John Williams (2001), “A Proposal for a Rapid Transition to Market Allocation of Spectrum,” Paper presented at the AEI-Brookings Joint Center conference “Practical Steps to Spectrum Markets” (Nov. 9); online at http://www.aei.brookings.org/events/011109/kwerel.pdf
Krattenmaker, Thomas G. and Lucas A. Powe, Jr. (1994), Regulating Broadcast Programming (Cambridge, MA; London: MIT Press).
Lee, Blewett (1925), “Power of Congress Over Radio Communication,” American Bar Association Journal, v. 11, pp. 19-21.
Lemley, Mark (2001), “Rational Ignorance at the Patent Office,” UC Berkeley School of Law Public Law and Legal Theory Working Paper No. 46 (Feb.); online at http://papers.ssrn.com/paper.taf?abstract_id=261400.
Lessig, Lawrence (1999), Code and other laws of cyberspace (New York: Basic Books).
Lessig, Lawrence (1998), “Understanding Federalism’s Text,” George Washington Law Review 66 (June-August) pp. 1218-37.
Lessig, Lawrence (1995), “Translating Federalism: United States v. Lopez, 1995 Supreme Court Review, pp. 125-215.
Lloyd, Marshall Davies (1998), “Polybius and the Founding Fathers: the separation of powers,” online at http://www.sms.org/mdl-indx/polybius/polybius.htm
Lohr, Steve (1999), “Privacy On Internet Poses Legal Puzzle,” New York Times, Apr. 19,1999; online at http://www.lcs.mit.edu/news/privacy.html
Lubrano, Annteresa (1997), The telegraph: how technology innovation caused social change (New York: Garland Pub.).
Lyotard, Jean-François (1984),The postmodern condition: a report on knowledge (Condition postmoderne), trans. by Geoff Bennington and Brian Massumi (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press).
MacIntyre , Alasdair (1988), Whose justice? Which rationality? (Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press).
Madison, James (1787), Federalist No. 10, online at http://memory.loc.gov/const/fed/fed_10.html
Marcus, Norman (1984), “Air Rights in New York City: TDR Zoning Lot Merger and Well-Consider Plan,” Brooklyn Law Review, vol. 50 (Summer) pp. 867-911.
Maritain, Jacques (1928), Three Reformers: Luther – Descartes -- Rousseau (London: Sheed & Ward).
Merritt, Deborah Jones (1998), “The Third Translation of the Commerce Clause: Congressional Power to Regulate Social Problems,” George Washington Law Review, vol. 66 (June-Aug.) pp. 1206-17.
Morgenson, Gretchen (2001), “Telecom’s Pied Piper: Whose Side Was He On,” The New York Times, Nov. 18.
Morton, Robert A. (1909), “Wireless Interference,” Electrician and Mechanic, April, pp. 422-427; online at http://www.ipass.net/~whitetho/1909ama.htm
Morton, Robert A. (1910), “The Amateur Wireless Operator,” The Outlook, January 15, pp. 131-35; online at http://www.ipass.net/~whitetho/1910ama.htm
Mueller, Milton (2002), Ruling the root: Internet governance and the taming of cyberspace (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press); excerpt online at http://istweb.syr.edu/~mueller/
Muldrew, Craig (1998), The economy of obligation: the culture of credit and social relations in early modern England (NY: St. Martin's Press).
Mutschler, Linda (2002), “World View: Re-wiring the weak wireless industry,” Financial Times, Feb. 17, 2002.
Nelson, Grant S. and Robert J. Pushaw (1999), “Rethinking the Commerce Clause: Applying First Principles to Uphold Federal Commercial Regulations But Preserve State Control Over Social Issues,” Iowa Law Review vol. 85 (Oct.) pp. 1-172,
Neumann, A. Lin (2001), “The Great Firewall,” Committee to Protect Journalists, Briefing, online at http://www.cpj.org/Briefings/2001/China_jan01/China_jan-1.html
“Note and Comment: The Radio and Interstate Commerce,” 26 Mich. L. Rev. 919-21 (1928).
Oftel (2001), “The UK Telecommunications Industry: Market Information 2000/01,” (Dec.); online at http://www.oftel.gov.uk/publications/market_info/2001/mia1201.pdf
Oftel (2002), “Market Information, Mobile Update”, July to September 2001, published January 2002; online at http://www.oftel.gov.uk/publications/market_info/
Orange (2002), Annual Report 2001; online at http://www.orange.com/agm2002/2001%20annual%20report.pdf.
Ostrom, Elinor (1990), Governing the commons: the evolution of institutions for collective action (Cambridge [England]: Cambridge University Press).
Paglin, Max D. (1989), A Legislative History of the Communications Act of 1934 (New York: Oxford University Press).
Paulu, Burton (1967), Radio and Television Broadcasting on the European Continent (Minneapolis, Univ. of Minnesota Press).
Peale, Norman Vincent (1956), The Power of Positive Thinking (New York, NY: Prentice-Hall).
Pierce Wells, Catharine (2001), “A Pragmatic Approach to Improving Tort Law,” Vanderbilt Law Review, Vol. 54, No. 3 (Apr.) pp. 1447-65; online at http://law.vanderbilt.edu/lawreview/vol543/wells.pdf
Pitofsky, Robert (1979), “The Political Content of Antitrust,” University of Pennsylvania Law Review, vol. 27, pp. 1051-75.
Polanyi, Karl (1944), The Great Transformation (New York: Farrar & Rinehart).
Powell, Michael K. (2001), Letter sent the leaders of the Senate and
House Commerce and Appropriations Committees (May 4); online at
Productivity Commission (2002), Radiocommunications, Draft Report, AusInfo, Canberra; online at http://www.pc.gov.au/inquiry/radiocomms/draftreport/index.html
Pyle, Howard S. (1924), “Shake Hands with the ‘R.I’”, Radio Broadcast (Dec.) pp. 289-94; online at http://www.angelfire.com/nc/whitetho/shakeRI.htm
Radio Amateur News (1920), “The Autobiography of a Girl Amateur,” Radio Amateur News (March) p. 490; online at http://www.angelfire.com/nc/whitetho/1920auto.htm
“The Radio and Interstate Commerce” (1928), Michigan Law Review, v. 26, pp. 919-21.
Radio Act (1912), “An Act to regulate radio communication,” Public Law No. 264, Aug. 13, 1912, 62d Congress; online at http://www.ipass.net/~whitetho/1912act.htm and http://showcase.netins.net/web/akline/1912act.htm; also in Kahn (1984).
Radio Act (1927), “An Act for the regulation of radio communications, and for other purposes,” Public Law No. 632, Feb. 23, 1927, 69’th Congress; online at http://showcase.netins.net/web/akline/1927act.htm; also in Kahn (1984).
Radio Division (1932), U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Annual Report of the Director of the Radio Division to the Secretary of Commerce for the Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 1932 (Washington: GPO).
Radio Spectrum Management Group [RSMG] (1998), Electromagnetic Noise Monitoring, PIB 32, Ministry of Commerce, NZ (Wellington, NZ); online at http://www.med.govt.nz/rsm/publications/pibs/pib32.pdf
Radiocommunications Consultative Council [RCC] (1999), Report of the Working Group on IMT-2000 (Dec.), online at http://auction.aca.gov.au/auction_results/2ghz_results_page/pdf/imtreport.pdf
Radio Regulations [RR] (1927), International Radiotelegraph Convention and General Regulations, signed at the International Radiotelegraph Conference ending in Washington, Nov. 25, 1927 (Washington: GPO).
RR (1932), International Telecommunication Convention, Madrid 1932, and annexed General Radio Regulations, published in International Radiotelegraph Conference: Madrid 1932, U.S. Dept. of State Conference Series No. 15 (Washington: GPO).
RR (1947), International Radio Regulations Annexed to the International Telecommunications Convention (Atlantic City, 1947) (London: HMSO).
RR (1959), Radio Regulations (ITU: Geneva).
Rand McNally and Company (1992), Commercial Atlas and Marketing Guide (Chicago).
Rappaport, Jordan (1999), “Local Growth Empirics,” Center for International Development Working Paper No. 23 (July), Harvard University, online at http://www.cid.harvard.edu/cidwp/023.htm
Rappaport, Jordan and Jeffrey Sachs (2001), “The U.S. as a Coastal Nation,” Working Paper version July 1, 2001, online at http://www.kc.frb.org/publicat/reswkpap/rwp01-11.htm
Raymond, Eric S. (2000), “A Brief History of Hackerdom,” online at http://tuxedo.org/~esr/writings/hacker-history/hacker-history.txt
Raymond, Eric S. (1997), “The Cathedral and the Bazaar,” online at http://tuxedo.org/~esr/writings/cathedral-bazaar/
Raymond, Eric S. (2001), “How To Become a Hacker,” online at http://tuxedo.org/~esr/faqs/hacker-howto.html
Raymond, Eric S. (2001b), Jargon File, version 4.3.1, 29 Jun 2001, online at http://www.tuxedo.org/~esr/jargon/index.html; book version available as The New Hacker’s Dictionary (MIT Press).
Rennison, Callie Marie (2001), U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics Special Report, Intimate Partner Violence, 1993-1990, NCJ 187635 (Oct.), online at http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/pub/pdf/ipva99.pdf
Resnik,Judith (2001), “Categorical Federalism: Jurisdiction, Gender, and the Globe,” Yale Law Journal 111 (Dec) pp. 619-80.
Rorty, Richard (1979), Philosophy and the mirror of nature (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press).
Rosen, Philip T. (1980), The Modern Stentors: Radio Broadcasting and the Federal Government, 1920-1934 (Westport, CN: Greenwood Press).
Rubin, Edward L. (1997), “The Fundamentality and Irrelevance of Federalism,” Georgia State Law Review 13 (July) pp. 1009-.
Rubin, Edward L. and Malcolm Feeley (1994), “Federalism: Some Notes on a National Neurosis,” UCLA Law Review 41 (April) pp. 903-52.
Sachs, Jeffrey D. (2001), “Tropical Underdevelopment,” NBER Working Paper 8119, online at http://www.nber.org/papers/w8119
Scalia, Antonin (1997), A matter of interpretation (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press).
Schmeckebier, Laurence F. (1932), The Federal Radio Commission (Washington: The Brookings Institution).
Scott, Jonathan (2000), England’s Troubles (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press).
Senior, T.B.A., D.L. Sengupta, and J.E. Ferris (1977), TV and FM Interference by Windmills, Final Report, 1 January 1976-21 December 1976, Energy Research and Development Administration, U.S. Dept. of Commerce, NTIS COO-2846-76-1.
Ship Act (1910), "An Act to require apparatus and operators for radio communication on certain ocean steamers" (approved June 24, 1910, amended July 23, 1912), online at http://www.ipass.net/~whitetho/1910act.htm
Silverstein, Shel (1974), Where the Sidewalk Ends (New York, N.Y.: HarperCollins).
Skinner, Quentin (1998), Liberty Before Liberalism (Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press).
Skomal, Edward N. (1978), Man-Made Radio Noise (New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Co.).
Stallman, Richard (1998), “The GNU Project,” online at http://www.gnu.org/gnu/the-gnu-project.html
Taugher, James Patrick (1928), “The Law of Radio Communication with Particular Reference to a Property Right in Radio Wavelength,” Marquette Law Review, v. 12 n. 3 (April) pp. 179-91; no. 4 (June) pp. 299-317.
Tauranac, John (1995), The Empire State Building: the making of a landmark (NY: Scribner).
Taussig, Charles William (1922), The book of radio (New York, London: D. Appleton and Co.); excerpt online at http://www.ipass.net/~whitetho/1922ama2.htm
Taylor, Greg (2001), “The Commerce Clause – Commonwealth Comparisons,” Boston College International and Comparative Law Review, 24 (Spring) pp. 235-51.
Technology Review (2001), “Unwiring the Web,” Dec., pp. 22-23; online at
Tomlinson, John D., The International Control of Radiocommunications, Thèse No. 41, Universitè de Genève (Genève: Journal de Genève, 1938).
Unger, Roberto Mangabeira (1987), Politics, a work in constructive social theory; part 0, Social theory, its situation and its task; part 1, False necessity: anti-necessitarian social theory in the service of radical democracy (Cambridge, New York: Cambridge University Press).
United States [US] (1927), International Radiotelegraph Conference of Washington, Draft of International Radio Convention, based on the proposals of the government of the United States of America for revisions of the International Radiotelegraph Convention of London of 1912 (Washington: GPO).
Washington Conference (1927), International Radiotelegraph Convention, and General and Supplementary Regulations (Washington: Government Printing Office).
Whitman, Dale A. (1999), “Digital Recording of Real Estate Conveyances,” John Marshall Law Review, vol. 32 (Winter) pp. 227-68.
Whitman, James Q. (1996), “The Moral Menace of Roman Law and the Making of Commerce: Some Dutch Evidence,” Yale Law Review, vol. 105 (May) pp. 1841-89.
Williams, John R. (1986), “Private Frequency Coordination in the Common Carrier Point-to-Point Microwave Service,” OPP Working Paper No. 21 (Sept.).
Williams, Sam (2002), Free as in Freedom: Richard Stallman’s Crusade for Free Software (O’Reilly); online version at http://www.oreilly.com/openbook/freedom/
Williams, Stephen F. (2002), “Radical Reform: Transitions to Liberal Democracy and the Rule of Law,” Bradley Lecture at the American Enterprise Institute, Jan. 7; online at http://www.aei.org/bradley/bl020107.htm
Williamson, Oliver (1985), The economic institutions of capitalism: firms, markets, relational contracting (New York: Free Press).
Zollmann, Carl (1927) “Radio Act of 1927,” Marquette Law Review, v. 11 (Apr.) pp. 121-7.
Zollmann, Carl (1930), Cases on Air Law, 1’st ed (St. Paul, MN: West Publishing).